Explore The Culture

In Canada, Indigenous cultures are represented by Inuit, First Nations and Métis peoples. The terms Aboriginal, Native and Indian are also still used by certain people and in certain texts although they appear to have fallen in disfavour with some. Inuit peoples live in the Arctic region from Alaska in the west all the way to Quebec and Labrador in the east. There are over 630 First Nations communities in Canada which represent more than 50 nations. Métis peoples have both indigenous and non-indigenous heritage. In the 2016 census, it was reported that there were 1,673,785 people in Canada who self-identified as indigenous and that they speak over 70 indigenous languages.


The Anishinaabe people are part of the Algonquian family. They include the Ojibwa/Chippewa, the Odawa and the Algonquin people that live in the Great Lakes region.


The Cree Nation is the most widespread of any of the indigenous nations in Canada. Their traditional territory extended from Quebec in the east all the way to the Rockies…


The Dene (Den-ay) are also called the Athapaskan peoples. They live off the land across a vast expanse from Alaska to Northwest Territories and Nunavut, east to the Hudson Bay…


The Blackfoot (or Blackfeet in the United States), are one of the three nations that make up the Blackfoot Confederacy. As of 2016, the Siksika count approximately 7,320 registered members,…